The discipline of Transcultural Psychiatry (TP) continues to pursue the comparative approach outlined by Kraepelin (1904) and subsequently developed by Wittkower (1966) in the achievement of its five main objectives:
- exploration of the similarities and differences in the manifestations of mental illness in different cultures;
- identification of cultural factors that predispose to mental illness and mental health;
- assessment of the effect of identified cultural factors on the frequency and nature of mental illness;
- study of the form of treatment practised or preferred in different cultural settings;
- comparison of different attitudes toward the mentally ill in different cultures.
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